Nazarite Queens

2905da70a36c24ed77b18c893bbc3a8fpinterest
A statue of Aphrodite showing the elaborate hairdos upper class women which might be a version of a “Nazarite from his/her mother’s womb”…the back hair being “broided” and wound on the head…as the men’s hair was to be wound as a crown on his head…see last post.  Pinterest from cristogenea.org, Susie Jackman Pinterest page.

Nothing we have heard so far about royal women would lead us to believe that they were especially religious. In fact, they are not mentioned in that regard at all. And it is still up to debate how and in what manner women participated in the Jewish religion in the past. There were many rules women were to follow and sacrifices they were to make and a court in the Temple was called the Women’s Court so they could perform their duties and not contaminate the others. But perhaps a clue can be found that might indicate a woman’s degree of religion…by hints like this…this quote is from the mother of five high priest about her hair:

The hair was regarded by the Rabbis as so powerful an augmentation of beauty that married women were recommended to hide it…(T)he Talmud relates the following: Ḳimhit, the mother of seven sons who successively held the office of high priest, was once asked by what merit of hers she was so blessed in her sons. “Because,” said she, “the beams of my house have never seen my hair” (Yoma 47a). www.jewishencyclopedia.com

Continue reading “Nazarite Queens”

Two Alexandra’s daughters of the Hasmonean Civil War

Hyrcanus
Hyrcanus II son of Salome Alexandra

Queen Salome Alexandra died knowing that her younger son was hell-bent on destroying what peace she had managed to hold together. As Josephus tells it, Hyrcanus, the eldest son, the High Priest and Regent when their mother died, was a wimp…and a Pharisee.  Aristobulus was a dashing warrior-type Sadducee, the high priestly party. Aristobulus basically told Hyrcanus to move out and leave the government to him and he wouldn’t kill him. Hyrcanus took the deal. Aristobulus moved into the palace and Hyrcanus left and became a “private man.”

Aristobulus
Aristobulus son of Salome Alexandra

No country operates in a vacuum and there was more going on than simple rivalry between brothers or Pharisees and Sadducees. Years before, “King Alexander and his wife” had appointed a man named Antipater to be the governor of Idumaea, an area conquered by John Hyrcanus and forcibly converted to the Jewish religion. Antipater became Rome’s adviser to Hyrcanus II. He insisted that Hyrcanus stand up and fight his brother for the kingdom…because their neighbors preferred the peaceful Hyrcanus on their borders to the warrior Aristobulus…and Rome preferred a civil war in the tiny nation that would make it easier for them to come in and take over. (Antiquities of the Jews XIV. II. 3)

Continue reading “Two Alexandra’s daughters of the Hasmonean Civil War”